God the Law-Giver: The Passover Lamb

This lesson was first given on Sunday, October 30th, 2016, to the middle schoolers and was continued on November 6th.

Taken from The Gospel Project/Winter 2016/Unit 1/Session 3

The Main Point: “Even in His righteous judgment, God offers salvation through the sacrifice of a substitute.”

Scripture Passages: Exodus 11:4-8; 12:1-13, 29-32

Context: In session 2, we saw a demonstration of God’s glory as He comforted His people and confronted those who opposed Him.  We looked at 9 of the plagues that God brought upon Pharaoh and the false gods of Egypt.

In this session, we looked at the 10th plague and the Passover.

His Story:

  • After the first 9 plagues, Pharaoh’s heart was hardened and he was unwilling to let the Israelites go.
  • God warns Pharaoh of the coming judgment through Moses.
  • God offers protection to the Israelites through the sacrifice of an unblemished lamb.  They were to take the blood of the lamb and put it on their doorposts.  This was to be a distinguishing mark, so that when God saw the blood on the houses, He would pass over them and no plague would be among them.  

Christ Connection:

The Passover story reminds us that we, too, are in need of saving.  We are slaves to sin and can do nothing to save ourselves.  Just as the unblemished lamb was sacrificed for the Israelites, Christ sacrificed Himself for us.

…those who have been born again have Christ’s blood covering them.  God sees Christ’s blood on us and passes over our sin.  He forgives our trespasses and accepts Christ’s righteousness as our own.

99 Essential Doctrines: Sin and Death

  • In Genesis 2:16-17, God commands Adam that he is “free to eat from any tree of the garden, but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will certainly die.” 
  • Adam sins by disobeying God.
  • Romans 6:23 tells us that the wages of sin is death – physical, spiritual, eternal death; separation from God.

Your Story

This is where our story meets God’s story.  The middle schoolers are asked how God’s story connects with theirs through a series of questions:

  1. Why was it important for the sacrificial lamb to be spotless?  What did being spotless signify?
  2. The blood on the door was a public statement for all to see.  How does this influence the way we think of our Christian faith?  What characteristics should distinguish your life from the lives of others?
  3. What does the Passover event communicate about our sin?
  4. How has this session challenged you when thinking about God’s judgment and grace?

Your Mission:


The Passover reminds us that God is holy, just, and merciful.


Our response to God, as we remember who He is and what He has done, is praise and worship.


Like Moses, we are to warn others of God’s coming judgment and to share with them the good news of Jesus.